To combat the serious increase in people who were morbidly obese doctors devised the gastric bypass surgery with the first of the modern-day versions performed in 1993. However, attempts to find a surgery that could help deal with seriously overweight people started decades before with the first attempt in the 1950s.
In 1954, a jejuno-ileal bypass surgery was completed and then submitted to a peer reviewed journal. A surgeon at the University of Iowa, Edward E. Mason tried the first gastric bypass surgery in 1967 after noting that patients who lose a large portion of their stomach because of cancer, illness, or injury lost a lot of weight despite the amount of food that they eat. Three years later, a bilio-pancreatic diversion was performed in Italy.
In 1991, the National Institute of Health approved the Roux-en-Y gastric bypass as a valid approach for the treatment of the seriously obese. In that same year, the Fobi Pouch, another weight loss surgery option was also approved. In 1994, the Lap Band system was sold in Europe and was later approved in the US in 2004. Since the time that it was started in the 90s, there have been several celebrities who have had weight loss surgery as well. These celebrities have included:
- Roseanne Barr, comedian/actress, had the Fobi Pouch surgery in 1998
- Carnie Wilson, singer/talk show hostess, had gastric bypass surgery in 1999
- John Popper, blues musician, had gastric bypass surgery in 2000
- Al Roker, weatherman and television personality, had gastric bypass surgery in 2002
- Anne Rice, best selling author, had gastric bypass surgery in 2003
- Randy Jackson had the Fobi Pouch surgery, also in 2003
- Diego Maradona, former soccer star, had gastric bypass surgery in 2005.
The Plans and the Reality of Weight Loss Surgery
Once you have reached a set level of obesity, usually a body mass index (BMI) of 40 or higher or have a number of weight related health problems that are threatening your life, you are eligible for consideration for a number of different weight loss types. However, these are only general guidelines and can be different depending on individual situation and the surgeon's preferences. For instance, a BMI that is 35 may be considered in some cases, particularly in those who have a number of serious health considerations in addition to or because of their weight. In addition to BMI, age and general health will determine eligibility for surgery and the type of surgery that is considered to be most appropriate. The most common of the weight loss surgery types is the Roux-en-Y gastric bypass, which creates a small pouch at the top of the stomach with staples or a plastic band. This small pouch is then connected to the middle portion of the small intestine.
In all types of surgeries, the surgeon's goal will be to use the least invasive procedure possible that is faster to perform, minimizes the time spent under anesthesia and therefore the risks and provides a quicker healing time. Laparoscopic weight loss surgery is the most desirable method; however, there are many times when that option is not the right one and the open method will have to be used instead. After the weight loss surgery, most people can return to normal activities in three to five weeks but will be eating only a few ounces at a time, liquids at first, then soft foods. Other changes in food intake will include: not being able to drink for thirty minutes before or thirty minutes after each meal and the need for vitamin and other nutritional supplements to avoid deficiencies in vital nutrients.
In addition, simple sugars such as candy, juices, ice cream, condiments, and sodas may be problematic and can lead to dumping syndrome. Dumping syndrome is when food moves too fast through the stomach and intestine and leads to symptoms such as shaking, sweating, dizziness, rapid heart rate, and severe diarrhea.
As with all surgeries, there are benefits and risks. Weight loss is immediate, with the patient typically losing around 1/3 of their excess weight in one to four years after their surgery is completed. Risks include: infection, leaking stomach which can sometimes lead to peritonitis, pulmonary embolism (blood clots in the lung), gall stones, anemia, osteoporosis, iron and Vitamin B 12 deficiencies (occurs in over 30% of all patients), stoma stenosis which occurs in 5-15% of all cases, ulcers, also occurs in 5-15% of all cases, staples may pull loose and the bypassed stomach may enlarge leading to hiccups and bloating. Because of the threat of gall stones following the surgery, the gall bladder may be removed as part of the gastric bypass surgery.
Another option is Lap Band Surgery, which consists of an adjustable gastric band which fits over the top of the stomach which allows the patient to control feelings of hunger and to feel faster. The benefit of the Lap Band is that it is fully adjustable via ports that are accessible to the doctor.
For those who are most seriously overweight, including those who are considered to be too obese for gastric bypass, another option is used. This surgery, the sleeve gastrectomy, may be used until enough weight is lost to convert to gastric bypass. In some cases, weight loss may be enough that the second surgery is not needed.
Good for Nothing Review
New Member says
It is good to read a review that reflects an understanding of what the principals were doing. I... Join the Discussion..
New Member says
poor little johnnyyyy . boy - does he get into the brown stuff !!! Join the Discussion..
Fact or fiction?
wow these jokes are awesome[youtube]http://www.organicdata.com.au[/youtube] Join the Discussion..
Why Losing Belly Fat Is Such a Good Idea
New Member says
Hi there, I just read a published article on your site which provided great value. I... Join the Discussion..
Seven Signs Of A Serial Cheater Part 2
New Member says
how can you get away from cheater. when you are emotionally attached? you feel your would will end... Join the Discussion..